# Division Games and Activities

Division Games....* Before the Worksheets*

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** Know division tables by heart 1-12**

Division is where all your hard work pays off. You see, as your child was working through and learning multiplication they learned that two factors equal a product. 4 x 5 = 20 ( 4, 5 are factors, and 20 is the product). Your child can use their knowledge of multiplication to divide.

In division, we use those factors, we call the factors the **divisor** (the number that is doing the dividing) and the **dividend** (the larger number that is getting divided up) and the product is the **quotient** (the solution to the problem).

As parents we can **point out that in division there is a product and one factor**. Your job is to **find the other factor**, or get as close as you can to that factor.

Division is **repeated subtraction**. Ex: 8/4 is.....8-4...4-4 ( by subtracting 4 twice the answer is 2)!

The hardest thing about learning division is thinking backwards ( just like subtraction). It feels funny.... going backwards.

After your child reads the problem backwards they can use strategies similar to their multiplication strategies to learn their division facts.

Division Games....* Before the Worksheets*

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**4's**

Your child should know their 4's (multiplication facts). It is vital that they know these multiplication facts because they will be a huge help in division.

First,** practice reading **multiplication / division problems and rewrite them into a division problem. So, 6 x 4 = 24 becomes 24 / 4 = 6.

There are several strategies for solving any division problems with the divisor of 4:

The best way to explain is to show an example: 36 / 4

(1). ** Look at the Divisor**: By looking at the divisor you know this is a 4 fact.

(2). ** Skip Counting**: I might skip count and realize that I have to skip count by 4's- 9 times to get to 36.

(3). **Use a Strategy**: I might use the same rule as I used for dividing by two ( divide the number in half ) - and do it twice. If you want to divide 36 by 4, you simply halve 36 (which is 18) and then halve that number (which, in this case, is 9). So: 36 / 4 = 9.

Division Games....* Before the Worksheets*

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**Regularly use fact families to figure out multiplication and division equations**.

Note: A fact family in multiplication and division are all related facts. For example: 4 x 6 = 24, 6 x 4 = 24 , 24 / 6 = 4, 24/4=6.

I call fact families **"three for free**". Think about it, you only have to know one equation and it will give you 3 equations for free! That is super cool!

Your child might understand the idea of a fact family, but very few children use fact families as a strategy to figure out other problems.** It has been proven that using fact families as a strategy to figure out unknown problems is highly effective **.

Here are some of what I consider the "cream of the crop" **fact family activities and division games**:

(1). You can introduce fact families using a house. The numbers in the fact family such as 3,4, and 7 go in the roof part of the house. The facts are the supporting beams of the house. I use a triangle for the roof and 4 long, thin rectangles for the supporting beams. It is a great visual!

(2). One of my favorite things to do is show my kids fact families using stuffed animals (even older kids like this). Tape name tags on 3 different animals. On each animal's name tag write a number. ex.(8,4,12)You can now move the animals around a plus, minus, multiplication, or division sign and equal sign to create 4 different equations. If your up for it you could write these equations. Keep it light and fun!

(3). Race fact families. While we are driving down the road one of us will say "7 + 3 = 10" and who ever completes the fact family wins. ( they will say 3 + 7 = 10, 10 - 7 = 3 , 10 - 3 = 10).

6. While you are driving in the car, use the two digits in the speed limit sign to make fact families. For example, 25 mph....2 x 5 = 10 , 5 x 2 = 10 , 10 / 2 = 5 , 10 / 5 = 2.

See if your child can make up more division games to learn fact families!

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