Answer story problems in which you add/subtract groups to make more/less and write the matching equation.

By the 2nd grade, children slowly move from using manipulatives to using diagrams and models to solve problems. This is a developmental process.....so it doesn't happen overnight.

Are you asking yourself what "diagrams and models"? Encourage your child to use any visual representation as a diagram or model. Here they are:

1. Draw a picture

2. Use numbers and labels

3. Draw a diagram- this could be as simple as using x's or tally marks to keep track of numbers.

4. Using 2-10 frames without any need for manipulatives

5. Use a Numberline

6. Look for a pattern

* The idea is to move a small step above using manipulatives. Many students in 1st grade may already doing this. However students in 3rd grade may just be grasping this concept.

1. Act it out:

One person reads the problem. One person acts out the problem. Then your child writes down relevant information.

Here is an easy story problem, for example:

A little boy is holding 5 balloons. A

few minutes ago he gave 4 balloons

to his sister. How many balloons did

he have to begin with?

One person pretends to be holding 5 ballons and then one by one hand them to someone.

Then we use a model (of our choice) to figure the problem out.

One way is to use tally marks ( visual representation):

2. Solve story problems in real life.

While your shopping you will find inspiration for making up story problems.

Just to get you started:

If we buy 3 of these, how much will it cost?

I only have \$20.00, can we afford it?

What if we had to buy one for everyone in our family...how much would it be?

Where is __(milk)______. How do you know? (look for clues)

How many people do you think are in the store? ( estimate based on how many people they see)

If each person needs 2 doughnuts at our house, how many doughnuts do we need to buy?

3. Crazy Math Mom Favorite Addition Game:

Picture Scavenger Hunt:

Have your child use your phone or a camera to take pictures while your out and about. They rule is that the pictures have to be about money or numbers in some way. When you get home, look at the pictures and make up story problems to go with them.

For example, your child might take a picture of a drive-thru sign that reads "\$2.88 for Late Night Combo Meal. So, you can make a story problem: If we each get the "special" how much will it cost? What model would you use to figure out the problem?

(including taxes aren't important at this stage)