Know what Fact Families are and explain how addition and subtraction are related.

Note: Children in this stage usually know what fact families are but this is the age where they need to go from knowing of them to understanding them.

A fact family is a family of related facts.

For example: 4+2=6, 2+4=6, 6-4=2, 6-2=4

How can I help my child understand fact families?

1. Race fact families- While we are driving down the road one of us will say "7 +3= 10" and who ever completes the fact family wins ( they will say 3+7=10, 10-7=3, 10-3=10).

2. Dice- roll two dice and write as many facts as you can using the two numbers rolled. Whoever finishes writing them first gets a point. Roll again.

3. Around Town -While you are driving in the car, use the two digits in the speed limit sign to make fact families. For example, 25 mph....2+5=7, 5+2=7, 7-2=5, 7-5=2.

4. Fact Family Story

Read your child the Fact Family Story. Practice retelling the story with different fact families.

5. "Furry Fact Families": Use 6 stuffed animals. You will need to put masking tape name tags on them. On each animal's nametag write a number from a specific fact family , like: 8,3 and 11. On the other 3 stuffed animal's name tags write one of the following on each animals: =, _, and +. Now you can move the 3 "number" stuffed animals around the plus, minus, and equal sign, stuffed animals. This will create 4 different equations.
Once the animals are in place you can have them verbalize the equation. For example:

Hi my name is 8.
Hi my name is 3 and my name is 11.
We are a fact family.
We can do 4 things together.
8+3=11, 3+8=11, 11-3=8, 11-8=3. 